Let us first understand, what does Mauli or Kalava mean? The literal meaning of Mauli in Sanskrit is ‘crown’, which means above all. Well, Mauli is a sanctified thread which is also known as ‘Kalava’. This thread is dyed in red and yellow combination.
Mauli holds tremendous significance in Hindu culture since ancient times. As mentioned above the literal meaning of Mauli is the crown, a crown is always placed above. Lord Shiva is referred as ‘Chandramauli’ as he adornes the crescent moon on his matted hair.
According to the ancient Hindu scriptures, it is said that Lord Vishnu’s incarnation Vamana tied the ‘Raksha (protection) Dhaga (Thread)’ on the wrist of King Bali to grant him with the boon of immortality. Since then, the ritual of tying Mauli has been practiced by the Hindu sect.
Every Hindu ritual has a story and significance to back it. The sanctified thread is tied by the Guru/ panditji (holy men) or by the elderly members, especially grandparents of the family on the wrist of each person who is present in the holy ceremony.
While tying the Mauli, a mantra is chanted, it is believed that, reciting the sacred mantras is done to infuse the thread with positivity and invoke the Sattvik (pure) state in humans.
The ‘Ardhanarishvara’ form of Shiva and Parvati has been depicted as right half Shiva and the left half is Parvati Devi. Hence, men are tied Mauli on right wrist while female are tied Mauli on the left wrist. A lot of attributes are associated with Mauli, it is known as the protection shield which keeps the evil/ negative energies and worldly problems at bay. Mauli is also tied to receive blessings from the deity who is worshipped during the puja (prayer) ceremony or havan (Holy fire).
Scientific significance of tying a Mauli: Almost all the important veins pass on to the other parts of the body from wrist only. In Ayurveda, there is a theory called as the ‘Tridosha Theory’. According to this theory, our body constitutes of three Dosha (Fault) namely Vaat (Wind), Pitt (Bile) and Kaptha (Phlegm).
If a small amount of weight is placed on the wrist it activates the nerve centers in that area. Thus, when Mauli is tied around the wrist it activates the nerves center and helps in improving the blood circulation which balances the Tridoshas.
It also helps in keeping the negative energies away from our aura and acts like a protecting shield.
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